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Linseed

Introduction
Botanically referred to as Linum usitatissimum, Linseed is widely grown for its naturally herbal oil and fibers. Linseed oil is a yellowish colored loi which is carefully extracted from the dried seeds of the linseed plant. In various regions of the world it is also known as flax seed.

Description of Linseed plant
The linseed plant is grown as a rotating crop with the main winter crops in large quantities. In India, linseed cultivation is done on a large scale however due to soil, climate and various other diversities the seeds differ in size, color and shape. The seeds range in a variety of colors like white, yellow, red and black. The linseed grown in hot climatic areas is considered to bear the best seeds. The seeds

are used for the extraction of oil and fiber from the stems. The linseed fiber is used in weaving of the clothes.

The linseed plant varies in height as it is 2 to 4 feet high. The striped leaves are spiky in shape and bear a sharp forefront. The plant bears sky blue colored fruits, round in shape. a linseed fruit is divided in five parts, each part consisting of shining flat thick brown colored seeds normally two seeds in one part. The linseed plant blossoms in winter season and fruits are borne in the same time period. Later as the summer blooms, the fruits ripen and dry in the summers.

 

Chemical Content of Linseed Oil
the linseed oil comprises of linolic and lirolenic acids, glycerides and dense fatty acids. The seeds also contain a poisonous glucocide which is injurious and at times fatal to life. The protein, musyleze, some wax like substances, phosphates and sugar, the ash contains sodium potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorous, sandal, etc. determine the rest of the chemical composition of the seeds. The linseeds are sweet, oily, hot, pungent, heavy and smell very mild.

Uses of Linseed
The oily texture of the linseed oil makes it a perfect Paint binder and that is the reason why it is used as

a prominent carrier in oil paint. Very proficiently it makes the oil paints more fluid, transparent and glittery. the linseed oil is available in various varieties like Cold Pressed, alkali refined, sun Bleached, sun thickened, and polymerized, etc.
 

The linseed oil acts as a great ingredient in putty, which is a sealant for glass windows. Along with a thickened paste of chalk powder, it helps in the hardening of the glass windows to be painted over easily.

Linseed oil is a great wood finish as it immerses itself in the thick as well as thin pores of the wood leavijng it with a shine. Its deep absorption inside the wood, enables it to work as a strong resistant to denting and scratches.

It is also used in the gun stocks as a finish and acts as a protective coating as well. The raw willow

wood of cricket bats when applied with linseed oil make up for a strengthened and high on longevity bats.

 

Linseed oil used by billiards/pool cue-makers for the shaft portion of the cue, a lubricant for wooden recorders and to seal modern wooden surfboards.

An excellent herbal oil that can be applied externally or taken internally as a medicine, linseed oil is cures various ailments like arthritis, coronary heart diseases and stroke, hypertension and inflammatory and autoimmune disorders, asthma.

The omega-3 fatty acids make linseed oil a great health booster and caretaker of heart.