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Birdsfoot Trefoil
False Oat Grass



An Introduction
Kale or Borecole is a non-heading member of the cabbage family, a group of vegetables including cabbage, collards and brussels sprouts. Cultivated for over 3,000 years, this vegetable may be the oldest known green. It is considered to be closer to wild cabbage than most domesticated forms. It is eaten fresh or cooked, or used as a decorative garnish. This green vegetable is the rich source of minerals, vitamins and calories.

A member of the cruciferous vegetable family, Kale can be prepared and eaten in much the same way as spinach. It tends to be a little bit bitter in flavor. Although this bitterness is reduced by washing, cooking, and using younger leaves. The Cultivar Group Acephala also includes spring
greens and collard greens, which are extremely similar genetically.

Kale is easy to grow and it can be grown in many colder areas, where a light frost produces especially sweet kale leaves. Most kale is eaten cooked, although very young leaves may be trimmed from the stalks and used raw in salads.

Consumption of cruciferous vegetables, such as kale, is known to reduce the risk of a number of cancers, especially lung, colon, breast, ovarian and bladder cancer.

As an Animal Fodder
Kale or Borecole is a form of cabbage (brassica oleracea acephala group) is also used to feed livestock, cattle and sheep. Kale leaves and stem are widely used as an animal fodder. A rich source of nutrients, this green vegetable possess powerful antioxidant properties. It is very high in beta carotene, Vitamin K, Vitamin C, lutein, zeaxanthin, and reasonably rich in calcium.

Due to its high nutritional value, many animal farm owners prefer Kale over other feed supplements. It improves the over-all health of an animal, besides increasing its stamina and digestive system. Regular consumption of kale fodder strengthens immune system of an animal.


Health Benefits of Kale in a Nutshell

  • It provides protection against cancer
  • Optimizes cells' detoxification / cleansing ability
  • Prevent damage to the eyes from excessive exposure to ultraviolet light
  • It promotes lung health
  • It strengthens immune support.

Common Cultivars
Following are the major cultivars of the archaic type of cabbage, kale:

  • Curly Leaved (Scots Kale Lutes)
  • Plain Leaved
  • Rape Kale Lutes
  • Leaf and Spear
  • Cavolo Nero (Black Cabbage, Tuscan Kale Lutes, Lacinato and Dinosaur Kale Lutes).

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