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Flowers are the medium through which nature connects to us. The flowers through their colorful and vivacious appearances convey to us our happiness, joy, sorrow and almost every emotion that we are aware of. Zinnia is one such flower which is glorious in every aspect. Each petal of this flower conveys a lot.

If we trace its scientific origin, then its an interesting fact to know that Zinnia is a genus of the flowering plants family Asteraceae which covers almost 20 species of annual flowering plants. The Zinnia flower is uniquely designed as it stands on an elongated solitary stem which adds to its attractiveness. A very suitable flower for decorative purposes in the flowering vases or bouquets, Zinnia has established itself to be an indispensable part of the variety of flowers.


Zinnia is said to have originated from the scrubs and grasses in the Southwestern American lands. This flower has evolved through a long journey to have achieved the beauty and fame, it possesses today.

The variety of vibrant colors of the Zinnia flower make them an elegant and attractive choice for gardeners worldwide. The single stalk that bears the flower is covered with green leaves which are arranged in a sessile manner which implies that they are placed on the alternate sides of the stalk.
These leaves often vary in shapes and may range from oval shape to linear as well. The bright colored flowers usually appear in a variety of forms.

In some flowers petals are placed in a single row however in some flowers they tend to take an endless dome shape. The colors of the petals range widely from white, orange, saffron, yellow, red, purple lilac and so on. These bright and exuberant colors attract beautiful butterflies as well. the little bushy and green plant adds to the greenery of the garden.


Types of Zinnias
Zinnia is widespread in the entire world in many varieties out of which few are listed below:

  • Zinnia acerosa(desert zinnia)
  • Zinnia angustifolia Kunth(narrowleaf zinnia)
  • Zinnia anomala Gray(shortray zinnia)
  • Zinnia bicolor
  • Zinnia elegans
  • Zinnia grandiflora(Rocky Mountain zinnia)
  • Zinnia haageana
  • Zinnia linearis
  • Zinnia maritima(Palmer's Zinnia)
  • Zinnia maritima var. maritima
  • Zinnia maritima var. palmeri
  • Zinnia peruviana(Peruvian zinnia)
  • Zinnia pumila
  • Zinnia violacea, etc.

Zinnia : Uses

  • A flower is useful to us in endless ways and Zinnia is no exception. Apart from spreading fragrance and beauty around , Zinnia also adds glow to any garden in a very elegant fashion.
  • The delicate and colorful flowers make Zinnia an ultimate garden plant which can easily withstand severe climatic conditions and can bloom to the maximum level if provided extra care.
  • These flowers are suitable for flower beds, borders, and pots. The cut flowers are commonly used in flower arrangements.
  • Zinnia enhances the decorations and is a very popular ornamental flower. Easily adaptable to almost every garden conditions, Zinnias can help you discover the difference between a so-so garden and a spectacular showcase.
  • Zinnia are prolific bloomers which can add to the color of any landscape.
  • These single stalked flowers can be used as a filler for bare spots in perennial gardens and can also be amassed in a garden of their own.
  • It is also used to arrange bouquets as well as different flowery arrangements.
  • As it attracts attention of many butterflies and honey bees, several people plant Zinnia solely for the same.

Hybrids of Zinnia
Every gardeners treasure, Zinnia has been introduced in a variety of hybrid forms by the scientists and the researchers. These hybrid varieties possess added on properties to make them a complete package of ornamental flowers. The traits like desirable flower colors and leafy branches have been the ideal motives of these hybrids. Following are a few of the prominent hybrids of Zinnia:

  • Zinnia elegans Polarbaer
  • Zinnia violacea Weiss
  • Zinnia violacea Violett
  • Zinnia violacea Tiefrot
  • Zinnia violacea Orange
  • Zinnia violacea Oklahoma Karminrot
  • Zinnia violacea Limette
  • Zinnia violacea Lila
  • Zinnia violacea Karmesin
  • Zinnia violacea Exquisite
  • Zinnia violacea Goldgelb
  • Zinnia elegans Oklahoma gelb
  • Zinnia angustifolia Profusion Cherry
  • Zinnia angustifolia Profusion Orange.

Growth and Care
Zinnia is a popular garden flower which flourishes the best in the following conditions:

Provided that these plants are propagated through seeds, Zinnia expands to its maximum growth in no time.

Humus rich, fertile soil enhances its natural growth and at the same time saves it from growing in a dull manner. Compost and mulch can improve the growth conditions for the delicate plant.

Zinnia flower blooms in sunlit conditions a it synthesizes essential nutrients in the sunlight itself.

To avoid any kind of hassles or damage by insects or pests, suitable and mild pesticides and insecticides should be used.

In case of slow growth or pale leaves, use a soluble fertilizer.

To promote bushy or wide growth, pinch the younger plants to direct their growth in a suitable and beneficial manner.

Mildew is a common bacterial diseases amongst Zinnias. To protect the plant from such harmful diseases, spray equalized amount of baking soda and water.

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