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Spider Flower

Definition of Spider Flower?
Spider flower, also known as 'Cleome', is an annual flower that is popular for its extraordinarily long seedpods. It is different from a normal flower, in that it develops below the flower as it blooms in the upward direction on the stalk. This gives a spidery look to the flower.

The scientific name of this flower is known as 'Cleome hasslerana', and it is native to southern South America in nations like Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Southeast Brazil. It is also known as spider plant and is commonly grown as an ornamental plant. The spider flower has several cultivars by the names of 'Violet Queen', 'Rose Queen', and 'White Queen'.

 

Features of a Spider Flower
The spider flower has a number of opening at a time and it grows in a cluster of flowers, with six to eight inches in diameters. It usually grows in those stems that have a growth potential of at least 6-8 feet.The plant of a spider flower grows at a height of 150 cm. The leaves of this plant are arranged in a spiral manner, having 5-7 leaflets, that grow at a height of 12 cms in length and 4 cms in breadth.

The spider flowers can be seen in many vibrant colours like pink, purple, or white, with six long

stamens and four petals. The stem of this plant is sticky and downy in touch. The plant also bears fruits that are in the form of a capsule up to 15 cms long and 3 mm broad, and contain several seeds in it. The blooming of this type of flower takes place at the end of the spring and goes on till start of the fall.
 

Types of Spider Flower

  • Pink Spider Flower: Scientifically known as 'Grevillea Sericea', the pink spider flower is about is about 30 mm across, but with short leaves. The colour of the flower varies from vibrant pink to almost being white
  • Grey Spider Flower: Also known as 'Grevillea Buxifolia', this variety produces lots of flowers at a time, and the style with which these flowers occur, it looks like a small flock of flamingos. This flowers grow at a height of 40 mm in height
  • Red Spider Flower: The scientific name of this flower goes by the name of 'Grevillea Speciosa'. It is termed as a vivid crimson flower and comes nearly to looking like a spider. Each red spider flower hangs from a stalk and looks like as if a spider has been suspended from its web. Its legs are almost 30 mm long and it is most commonly found in dry, sheltered areas
  • White Spider Flower: It is the smallest of all the spider flowers, spread only 20 mm across. The leaves of the white spider flower are long and slender, growing at a length of 70 mm, thus rendering them different from the rest of the spider flowers. However the flower looks almost similar to that of the pink spider flower. The scientific name of the flower is 'Grevillea Linearifolia'
  • Green Spider Flower: Scientifically termed as 'Grevillea Mucronulata', it is similar to a the red spider flower, since it is suspended from the stalk in same manner as a red spider flower. The legs of this flower are 15 mm long, and the flower itself is around 60 mm across. The leaves of this flower are concave and oval in shape, and are 15 mm in length and 10 mm in width
 

How to Grow Spider Flowers
The following are the steps to be followed while growing spider flowers:

  • The fist step is to buy a healthy green spider flower bearing plant that is devoid of any form of disease. The plant should have plenty of leaves in it and should be stocky enough
  • The next step is to look for and select a site that has full sun or a little bit of shade, along with an average to rich soil
  • The seedlings should be planted during the spring time after all the symptoms of frost occurrence have been eliminated. These seeds should be placed at least 1 to 2 feet apart
  • Keep the soil in which the seeds have to be planted moist, especially if the weather is very hot. Stake the plant to prevent them from flopping, especially when the plat is located in a windy or shady area
  • Apply fertilizers every 6-8 weeks or apply plenty of compost during the planting time
  • Those plant on which frost has appeared should be removed immediately. Be careful while handling such flowers as spines or sharp edges develop around them.
 
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