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Scarlet Sage

About Scarlet Sage
Scarlet sage, also known as red salvia, is recognized by a dense cluster of flowers, which appears at the top of the plant. The botanical name of scarlet sage is 'Salvia coccinea'. The other names by which it is known are 'Texas sage' and blood sage'. It can be either a hardy annual flower or a tender perennial flower, and is basically found in the southern part of USA. The flowers appear in many different colors like fluorescent red, scarlet, coral or apricot and white. It usually blooms during the late summer or at the start of fall.

Brief Description of Scarlet Sage
Scarlet sage grows at a height of 2-3 feet, and has triangular leaves on the leaf stems opposite

each other on the square stems. It needs a suitable soil temperature of 68-75°F to grow, and takes a maximum of 30 days to germinate. It prefers soil that is sandy and gravelly, and thrives under full sun to partial shade. The flower grows on spikes and tends to be quite showy. It appears in whorls around the upright stalk. It naturally attracts hummingbirds and butterflies towards itself.
   

History of Scarlet Sage
Scarlet sage was first reported to be grown in North America, from where it continued to grow in the entire temperate region. In the year 1883, a Russian botanist by the name of Alexander von Bunge gave the scarlet sage plant its botanical name, 'Salvia', which was derived from a Latin word "salvere", and which means 'to cure' or 'to save'. It was believed that growing scarlet sage in one's garden would enable the human being to attain immortality. It was highly regarded in China, and was used as means of trade during the 17th century. The Romans also held this flower in the highest esteem as it was considered to be the herbal saviour of humanity.

 

Various Cultivars of Scarlet Sage

  • Lady in Red: One of the cultivars of scarlet sage, its flowers vibrant looking and appear in the colour of a vermilion and smell like a spicy clove.The stem of this flower arches in a graceful manner, and thus, looks good in a basket. At the start, it blooms in blue or pink colour but as it matures it turns into a deep burgundy colour
  • Snow Nymph: The flowers of this cultivar are white as well as coral-pink in colour with green, fuzzy leaves. It carries a border late July and until the end of the fall season. It can thrive well even under extreme temperature, light and soil. The flowers are spiky in look and they grow at a height of 4 inches
  • Coral Nymph: It is a twin coloured salmon pink and white flower that easily attracts hummingbirds, bees and butterflies because of its fragrance. It requires full sun to grow and the ideal time to grow it is between summer and fall. The maximum height to which its plant grows is 24 inches.
 

Benefits of Scarlet Sage
Following are the various benefits associated Scarlet Sage:

  • Scarlet sage has been considered to highly effective in drying breast milk when the mother wants to stop nursing her child
  • It helps in curing diarrhea and in removing mucous congestion
  • It helps in the proper digestion of the food and is thus considered to be the best remedy for stomach ailments
  • It increases the appetite, helps in removing biliousness, and eases gas pains
  • It helps in curing menstruation related problems, and for this reason, it is known as an "emmenagogue"
  • It is considered as a perfect antiseptic remedy for various mouth and throat disorders like infected, sore and bleeding gums, mouth ulcers, etc.
  • As an anti-inflammatory, it helps in soothing inflamed tissues
  • It is highly useful as a cosmetic, and is specially used in shampoos to clean scalps and to stimulate hair growth; in soaps as a cleanser and to restore aging skin; and as a relaxant to sooth sore muscles.

A Warning Note
The above benefits are intended only for educational purpose and have not been tested to prove their validity. It is advised to consult a physician before using the scarlet sage flower as means of curing illness or using it as a cosmetic.


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