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China Rose
Blanket Flower
Cherry Pie
China Aster
Creeping Gloxinia
Field Poppy
Flowering Maple
Hyacinth Bean
Morning Glory
Poor Man's Orchid
Scarlet Sage
Sea Lavender
Spanish Flag
Spider Flower
Sweet Alyssum
Treasure Flower
Wishbone Flower
Blue Vetch
Other Flowers

What is a Flower?
A flower is the reproductive organ found in almost all flowering plants. Also referred to as blossoms and blooms, their biological function is that of production of seeds, so that more plants of the same species can be grown. A flower facilitates a union between the male sperm and the female ovum to produce seeds. First the pollination takes place, which is followed by fertilization and then the dispersal of the seeds. The flowers not only serve the important reproductive function, but are also appealing to the eyes and the senses. They often have a sweet odor, which attracts animals, insects and humans alike towards them.They also serve as a source of food for many living organisms.

Parts of a Flower
A flower primarily comprises of the petals, the sepal, the carpel and the stamen. The stigma, style, and the ovule are collectively knows as the carpel, whereas, the filament and the anthers are referred to as the stamen. The carpel is the female part of the flower, and the stamen is the male part of a flower.

Lily is a flowering plant, which belongs to the Lilium family and normally grows from bulbs. They are referred to as the Liliaceaes, and comprise of a genus of almost 110 species. Most of the species of this plant are perennial in nature and have an enlarged underground stem. From this stem, grow long and erect grass like leaves. Some species are woody and some are also trees of small stature.

The lily flowers unlike many other species of flowers come in a plethora of shapes, sizes and colours. This has been the result of hybrid pollination over the years. Lilies bloom around late May to early October, depending upon the variety. Though lilies have a pleasing appearance and smell, not all varieties are the same. Some lilies are even poisonous.

The Lily of the valley or the french Muguet, is the most common variety of the lily flower, which can be seen in full bloom during the early spring months. It is delicate to touch and has a strong sweet fragrance that fills the air. The water lily varieties are also equally enchanting, though their fragrance is extremely mild.

Since time immemorial, lilies have been used in flower decorations for homes, weddings and funerals, merely for the choice in colours and fragrances that this specie of flower offers. The women love the scent of the lilies and one often finds perfumes with the fragrance of the lilies. Stems of various water lilies are edible and are consumed by the people as a vegetable. Some American Indians also prepare a dough from the stems of these flowers.

The white Lily is a symbolic flower in Christianity and is suggestive of purity and virginity. The lily associated with the virgins is known as the Madonna Lily. Many a literary texts and authors draw allusions to this mystic flower.

Some Varieties of Lilies

Lilium Martagon: It is also referred to as the Martagon or the Turk's Cap Lily. It derives its name from the characteristic shape of the petals. It flourishes in the regions of central Europe, northern Asia to Mongolia and Korea. The variety has a number sub-species. The plant has a stem rooting and grows to height of about 1-2 meters. An exquisite variety, it is pink-purple in colour, with dark spots. They have a sweet scent and each plant of this variety bears numerous flowers

Lilium Columbianum: This variety is also called the Tiger lily or the Columbia Lily. These lilies are found in western North America, and grow in woods and forests. The plant of this flower is about 1.2m in height. The flowers are bright orange in colour with dark spots, and have a mild fragrance. Many native American tribes use the buds of this flower as a food source. It is both sweet and sour to taste. Plucking flowers form the plant is usually discouraged as it affects the reproduction ability of the plant


Lilium Humboldtii: This lily is also called Humboldt's Lily, named after a naturalist and explorer, Alexander von Humboldt, who was the first to discover this species. This variety is a native of California. The height of the plant is less than 3 meters, and the flower is maroon-spotted, golden orange with dark red splotches, with stamen ranging in colour from orange to brown. The flower flourishes in dry summers, and needs no water once in bloom. It needs good drainage and grows well in part shade

Lilium Washingtonianum: Better known as the Washington Lilly, or the Mt. Hood Lily, the flower is named after Martha Washington. It grows in the states of California and Oregon. The plant of the flower is about 2 meters tall, and the flowers are scented white or pink in colour , with purple dots. This species is particularly found in chaparral, open woods and recently burned areas


Lilium Pardalinum: This lily is also referred to as the Panther or the Leopard lily. It flourishes in the damp regions of the coastal ranges of California. It grows to about 2 to 2.5 meters in length. The flowers are Turk-cap shaped, and are red-orange in colour with plenty of brown dots.These flowers usually bloom in July. The flowers are small and are clustered on a rhizomatous stock

Lilium Canadense: This variety is often referred to as the Meadow lily or the Canada lily, and grows in abundance in eastern North America. An average plant of this species attains the height of 1.5 meters. The flowers bloom in June and are found in three colours namely yellow, orange or red, often with spots


The Wood Lily: It is also called the Philadelphia lily or prairie lily, and is a native to north America. It was termed the floral emblem of Canada in 1941

Madonna Lily: It is one of the true lilies and grows in the Balkans and west Asia. This lily forms a bulb at the ground level, and has leaves in winters, which die back in summer. It has a leafy flower stem, which ranges from 1.2 m to 2 m in height. It usually blooms in late spring and the flowers are white and flushed yellow, with a distinct fragrance. This lily holds religious importance and is considered as a symbol of purity and virginity in Christianity. The blessed Virgin Mary is often depicted in works of art, clutching these flowers

Lilium Longiflorum: This flower is often called the Easter lily or the November lily and is native to Japan and Ryukyu Islands. This variety is a stem rooting lily and has irregular blooming periods. It usually blossoms at the time of Easter. It grows up to 1 meter in height. The flower is fragrant and is often trumpet shaped, and are outward facing.

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