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Jasmine Flower

Flowers are presumed to be the divine grace of gods. The soothing fragrance of these flowers mesmerize the senses of one and all. Endowed with the exotic perfumes, Jasmine flower is one of the most beautiful and fragrant amongst all the 15,000 flowering plant species in India. Majorly used as decorative flowers, these scented flowers are also used for medical motives and religious purposes.

Jasmine is also referred to as Mogra, Kundumalligai, Arabian Jasmine or Mallika. Its popularity in India can be easily understood as it is also praised as "Moonshine in the garden " by the Indians.
A prominent member of the family "Oleaceae" Jasmine is scientifically known as Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton.An evergreen shrub, Jasmine is the pride of all beautiful gardens. It usually climbs up as a vine and reaches to a height of about 8 to 10 feet. Strangely the little flowers that this plant bears in huge clusters is simply about an inch each. The oval shaped green rich leaves, bear around five to nine leaflets which give the entire plant a very beautiful and artistic look. A symbol of purity and peace the beautiful jasmine flowers are white in color. Jasmine plant grows worldwide spreading its fragrance all over.

How to Cultivate a Jasmine Plant In Your Garden?
In the Summer season preferably from June to November, plant a softwood cutting, semi hard wood cutting or it can be easily done through simple layering. Make sure that it is planted six inches deep inside the soil. Regular watering ensures ongoing life for the plant as it requires moist and well drained soil to flourish. Proper quantities of manure, good Sunlight and frequent pruning will result in a healthy jasmine plant. Give it a heavy support to climb up to. Do not forget to remove the weeds present near Jasmine plants. Keep adding Fertilizers from time to time. For nourishment of the plant Phosphorous and Potassium should be applied in two split doses i.e once after annual pruning and again during June and July. To avoid frequent pruning and to enhance lateral growth pinch the tips of the plants.


Medicinal Uses
The Jasmine flower forms a vital ingredient of almost all ayurvedic medicines owing to its diverse curing qualities. Specifically it is used to remove intestinal worms

  • It is considered to be an apt and biological cure for jaundice and other venereal diseases
  • The flower buds help in treatment of ulcers, vesicles, boils, skin diseases and eye disorders
  • The leaves extracts against breast tumours
  • Drinking Jasmine tea regularly helps in curing cancer
  • Its oil is very effective in calming and relaxing.

Other Uses of jasmine Flower

  • The scented flowers are used for making perfumes and incense
  • The flowers are also flavor Jasmine tea and other herbal or black tea
  • Its oil is also used in creams, shampoos and soaps. It is considered to be a great skin toner and conditioner
  • In India Jasmine flowers are stringed together to make garlands
  • Women in India wear this flower in their hair. Especially in south India, Jasmine flowers are an integral part of their decoration of hair
  • Some communities even use this flower to cover the face of the bridegroom
  • People use the Jasmine flowers as religious offerings to the gods like Lord Shiva And Lord Vishnu.

Some Interesting Facts About Jasmine Flower

  • Jasmine shrubs grow 12-24 inches per year and thus reach to a height of 10-15 feet
  • Jasmine leaves are either evergreen or deciduous. This implies that either the leaves will remain evergreen or will fall off at maturity
  • Jasmine oil, which is a very popular fragrant oil, contains benzyl acetate, terpinol, jasmone, benzyl benzoate, linalool, several alcohols, and many other compounds
  • The variety Jasminium sambac, is a clustered flower of a equally strong scent which is known as Pikake in Hawaii

Jasminum grandiflorum and Jasminum officinale are the two types of jasmine plants which are widely used for oil production

  • Beware, the nectar of the fragrant flowers of Carolina Jasmine, Gelsemium sempervirens, is poisonous, and interestingly its dried roots are used in medicinal preparations as a sedative
  • Jasmine flower oil, extracted from the two species Jasminum Officinale and Grandiflorum, is used in high-grade perfumes and cosmetics, such as creams, oils, soaps, and shampoos of exotic quality.


Worldwide Popular Varieties Of Jasmine

  • Common Jasmine, also known as poet's Jasmine - Jasmine officinale, is a native to Iran. Its fragrant white flowers are the source of attar of Jasmine which is used to produce perfumes.
  • Winter Jasmine scientifically called Jasmine nudiflorum is a Chinese species which bears solitary yellow flowers. It is essentially used as a cover plant on hillsides.
  • Arabian Jasmine botanically known as Jasmine sambac is used to make jasmine tea.

South African Jasmine or Jasmine angulare is an evergreen vine, which is only hardy in the coastal areas. This type of Jasmine blossoms in the sunny summers and bear unscented white flowers in groups of three.

  • Spanish Jasmine or Jasmine grandiflorum is a semi-evergreen to deciduous vine which bears fragrant, white flowers.
  • Italian Jasmine which can also be called Jasmine humile is an evergreen shrub or vine, which reaches up to the height of around 20 feet. Its clusters of fragrant, bright yellow flowers can be seen all summer long.
  • Primrose Jasmine or Jasmine mesnyi a very famous jasmine variety is an evergreen shrub which is decorated with yellow, unscented flowers. Essentially used to make nectar, this jasmine has always been every poet's fantasy.
  • Downy Jasmine or Jasmine multiflorum bears has clustered, white flowers that are not strongly scented.


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