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Daisy

A white glowing flower which enthralls and delights the nature's aura, Daisy is ambiguously present in each aspect of nature. The white color of the common Daisy not only signifies peaceful innocence but also denotes sophistication and diligence.

A very common flower, Daisy can be seen anywhere in the meadows, gardens, and other grassy green areas. The flower has been adored through a variety of names in all the global languages. Scientifically nominated as Bellis Perennis, Daisy has been diversely classified into many varieties owing to its different colors and hues. The colors widely range from dominant white, yellow, scarlet , red., orange and many others.

It is an evergreen annual that reaches up to a height more than 15 cm. A native to Britain, the plant is tolerant of frosty conditions and survives well enough beating the climatic variations. The flowers are hermaphrodite which implies that both male and female organs are present in the flower and it is capable of self fertilization. Various insects, bees and beetles help in the pollination process.
 
Types of Daisies
In the whole wide world, Daisies have been found in various colors and hues. Few of the well known and prominent Daisy flower varieties are enlisted below:

Meadow Daisy
As the name reflects, this type of Daisy flower grows in farms and meadows and are easily propagative.

African Daisy
Native to African farmlands, African Daisy is prominently grown as a half sturdy annual. The beautiful and vibrant color of the flowers are the major atraction. This type of Daisies can be configured in different colors such as white, burning red or scarlet hues.

 

Common Daisy
This is the most common variety which is widespread in the entire world. This species is known as Bellis perennis and is available in a variety of colors.

Oxeye daisy
Larger flower head and a peduncled stalk differentiate this variety from the many others. It belongs to Leucanthemum species, particularly Leucanthemum vulgare and is prominently available in white color.

 

Shasta Daisy (leucanthemum superbum)
Formerly known as Chrysanthemum maximum,Shasta Daisy produces many beautiful flowers with white petals and distinctively marked yellow center.

Moon Daisy
It is one of the major Leucanthemopsis species that has rare found bright flowers.

Marguerite Daisy
Well known as Argyranthemum frutescens, Marguerite Daisy is a perennial plant used in horticulture originating from the Canary Islands.

  • Michaelmas Daisy
  • Painted Daisy
  • Pyrethrum Daisy
  • Crown Daisy (garland chrysanthemum)
  • Glebionis coronaria
  • Tricolor Daisy
  • Glebionis carinata
  • Yellow Ox-eye Daisy (Rudbeckia hirta)
  • Gerbera Daisy
  • Erigeron, etc.
 

Listed above are the numerous varieties of Daisies known to human kind. NJumerous other varieties have been seeking identification but are still classified under their wild contemporaries. And a lot more are being worked on to discover and mingle the rare traits and get the best flower out of the available daisy varieties.

Uses

  • A beautiful flower, Daisy is one of the most favorite garden plants
  • It makes up for an excellent cut flower and thus gets placed in numerous bouquets and other ornamental usage
  • Daisy has also been used as a potherb. The green and young leaves can be cooked or eaten raw due to their delicious raw flavor and also been used extensively in the salads
  • Flower buds and petals are eaten raw in sandwiches, soups and salads
  • A well blended mixture of the Daisy leaves can form a very effective insect repellent.

Medicinal Boon
Daisy flower has significant usage in the medical arena as an anodyne, antispasmodic and antitussive
It has also been used to cure cancer and treat Digestive imbalances as an emollient, expectorant and Laxative
Various specialists also use the same flower in tonics as an ophthalmic and purgative
Daisies have an ancient history of being used as a domestic remedy for a numerous ills. They have been enlisted as a traditional wound herb and have been prescribed to treat delicate and listless children
The fresh or dried flowering heads are normally used in the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, liver and kidney disorders, as a blood purifier, etc.
When used on bruised wounds or any type of open wounds, daisy works wonders as a cure
Chewing Daisy leaves is said to cure mouth ulcers
Not only this, Daisies have gained popularity as a well known remedy of breast cancers
The flowers and leaves are normally used fresh in decoctions, ointments and poultices
As a homeopathic remedy, and commercial treatment, Daisies have wide applications and endless usage.

Growth and Care
Though Daisies are highly adaptable to available climate and soil conditions still the ones being planted in the gardens do need some extra care and better treatment.
Following are a few easy finger tips to remember while planting a Daisy flower in your garden premises:

The Daisies flower extraordinarily in light, loamy and clay soils and the best ones survive in the well drained soils
Water is a necessity however it is advisable to keep the soil moistened and not hasten in watering the plant as sogging soil gives rise to fungal diseases and root rots
The pH of the soil should range from medium to maximum and acidic or neutral soils enhance the plant growth to a great extent
Sunlight is the deciding factor in Daisies growth. A daylight of at leats six hours ensures blooming flowers and on the same grounds extra shade might put a stop to flowering
Therefore guard the plant well and enjoy the unlimited benefits and beauty of Daisy flower.


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