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China Rose

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis and Rosa chinensis are known as China Rose in the common language however both are distinctively different in appearance , growth habits and flowers. Therefore we will discuss them one by one.
   

Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis
A well known member of the family Malvaceae, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis grows as an evergreen herbaceous plant. A native to tropical and sub-tropical regions, this plant is extensively cultivated as an ornamental plant. It bears large flowers on the bushy hedges. This enormous flowers are usually dark red in color and are not usually fragrant.
Grown in different regions of Asian continent, these beautiful flowers are denoted by several other names such as China rose.
The huge size and the reddish color and hues attract humming birds and the gardens growing these flowers are regularly visited by the humming birds.

   
Vigour, attractive foliage, strong root system, longevity, easy to maintain, good flowering characteristics, etc. are some of the characteristics which are needed to be kept in mind while cross breeding the hibiscus plant. Today, various new varieties have been cultivated and developed through cross breeding. These new varieties bear all the blended characteristics and are increasing in popularity as well. Different cultivars and hybrids have been produced and developed with flowers ranging in colors and other features. Prominent colors that have been promoted in the recent past are white, yellow, orange, scarlet and different shades of pink.
 

Some hybrid varieties of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis are:

  • Sapphire-spangled Emerald
  • Amazilia lactea
  • Stripe-breasted Starthroat
  • Heliomaster squamosus
 

Uses

  • Surprisingly in various parts of India, these pretty flowers are used to shine shoes due to their lustrous hue.
  • And ironically same flowers are gifted to gods and goddesses while worshiping as well.
  • Due to their cosmetic properties and lessened fragrance, Hibiscus flower preparations are used in hair care products.
  • In Regions of Pacific islands these flowers are consumed and used in salads.
  • The young leaves are edible and are sometime used as a substitute for spinach.
  • Flowers are used to prepare dyes.
 

Medicinal Uses

  • The young leaves and flowers are used in inducing abortion, and as a cure for headache.
  • The plant has many hidden medical boons.
  • Stunning Facts About Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis
  • Europe is the only continent that lacks any native species of the Hibiscus genus.
  • In Kerala, a state of India, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is known as chemparathy in the regional language.
  • If the same plant is cultivated in Neotropics then humming birds are rare visitors however when grown in tropical regions, humming birds are a regular sight in the hibiscus gardens.
  • The attractive and long living flower, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is the national flower of Malaysia and is known as Bunga Raya in the national language.


Rosa Chinensis

Rosa chinensis is also a species which belongs to the genus Rosa and is commonly called China Rose. It is known as China Rose simply because it is widely cultivated in its native land China. The shrub of China Rose grows up to a height of 2m. The Dark foliage is constituted by small leaves with tiny leaflets arranged alternately. The attractive flowers have more than five petals which are pinkish white in color. The flowers then give way to little fruits containing numerous seeds. In comparison to Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, this China Rose is fragrant.

China Rose flowers in the sunny weather of June to September. The hermaphrodite flowers are capable of being pollinated themselves and bees enhance the pollination process. The plant grows really well in well-drained soils with adequate pH level.

 

Uses

  • In Chinese regions, China rose is extensively cultivated as an ornamental plant.
  • Various new hybrids with desired traits have been selected and cross bred to come up with new innovative varieties and colorful flowers.
  • The species is also helpful to generate new varieties opf modern roses such as hybrid tea roses.
  • The flowers,fruits, leaves, seeds and stems of the plant are edible and also form the bingredients of several dishes. Young shoots can be eaten raw after peeling. After the seed hair are removed, it is safe to mix it with flour and then cook accordingly.

Medicinal usage

  • The China Rose flowers are extensively used as anodyne, emmenagogue and for curing women's other physical problems. These effectively regulate menstruation and control blood circulation.
  • The fruit helps in the treatment of sprains, ulcers and wounds.
  • It decreases the chances of cancer and related diseases.


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