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China Aster

Aster, the name implies a star and the flower is no less than a star in its appearance and vibrance.
A prominent member of the flowering family Asteraceae, Aster is scientifically named as Callistephus chinensis. Considered to be a native of China, North America, Europe, etc. China Aster is one of the 1,150 species under the Asteraceae family.

Know China Aster
A perrenial species, China Aster flower has become the raging choice of many florists and gardeners. It pays in full, all the efforts and painstaking in growing these lovely little flowers. Many delightful varieties range in a wide number and this flower is present in one form or the other in the entire world. China aster is a diverse plant which varies in height, color of the flowers, shape of the leaves, foliage and almost every aspect in its varied species.

   

The height that the plant manages to reach commonly ranges from 7 inches to 3 feet. the dark green leaves are arranged in an alternate manner on the tall stem. A bit coarse and ovate in shape the leaves make up for the foliage part of the plant. The tall and leafy stems bear the star like flowers which shine in bright colors in full bloom. the variable flower heads either comprise of disc florets or ray florets depending on the type of variety. The color of the flower varies from creamy white, yellow, red, pink, blue and purple. The long life of the cut flowers make them a worthwhile shine in the bouquets and other decorative spaces.

The bloom period of the flower varies from mid summers to winters and originally China Aster blossoms in the month of August.

 
Looking at the ever growing demand of these diverse flowers, various cultivated varieties have been cross bred and brought in the market. Categorized according to height(dwarf or tall), colors of the flowers, China Aster has carved itself a special space in the floriculture industry.
 

China Aster: Showcase of a Beautiful Garden

  • The pretty little flower finds a number of uses in the garden and other botanical spaces.
  • It makes up for a nice bed of flowers in the garden and an entire row looks stunning.
  • The taller varieties of China Aster flower make excellent cut flowers to be used in numerous ornamental styles and in bouquets.
  • Florists simply adore the various types of China aster and list them as one of the indispensable flower in their galleries.
  • Many China Aster species are also used as food plants by the larvae of insects like Lepidoptera.
 

Hybrid Varieties of China Aster
Today various hybrid varieties have been launched and each comprises of the desired straits of various species of flowers. Almutaster, Canadanthus, Doellingeria, Eucephalus, Eurybia, Ionactis, Oligoneuron, Oreostemma, Sericocarpus and Symphyotrichum are new world species that have come under the family Asteraceae and are known as Asters. Not only in colors but these varieties also vary in structural heights as well.
Following are a few popular varieties:


  • Pinocchio(dwarf strain available in mixed colors)
  • Perfection Mixed Aster Plant(double flowers)
  • Super Giants Mixture(double spidery flowers)
  • Matsumo(wilt resistant plant)
  • Violet Striped
  • Aster tripolium(the sea aster)
  • Aster alpinus spp. vierhapperi
  • Goldilocks, etc.
 

Proliferation and Care of Aster Flower

  • Seeding is the best method to promote and proliferate Aster flower. Shallow depth is to be kept in mind while sowing in the seeds.
  • Gardeners suggest to sterilize the seeds before sowing with organic chemicals like mercuric acidic compounds to ensure that the plant is not diseased with stem rot or damping.
  • Aster grows best in rich, well manured, nicely drained soils. Plant the seeds on a measured distance of about two inches to let every individual plant to get enough growing space.
  • Make sure that the base of the plant remains moistened. After a week or so when the seeds germinate, transplant them to the desired place like the garden or any vase.
  • This time around, plant the germinated seeds at an equal distance assuming that the plants will rise to a height of about 7-10 inches and a similar width as well.
  • Now the plant is out in the world and it needs extra care.
  • To protect the delicate and disease prone plant from viral, bacterial or other wilting disease, spray a measured amount of insecticides and weedcides from time to time. This will help the plant to fight wilt disease, virus diseases, foot rot, root rot, and aphids. Aster yellows And fusarium wilt are two main diseases which can ruin the plant and its flowers.
  • Keep a guard on the plant and if you spot the faded leaves or flowers simply go ahead and pinch them off. This will encourage new foliage and flowers to take over.
  • Sunlight is essential for the healthy growth of the Aster plant however direct sun rays might cause yellowing of the leaves and hamper the growth as well.
  • Little shady areas should be chosen for the China Aster plant.


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