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Beauty is embedded deep inside, however same does not go with carnations. These flowers are an unique expression of feelings, love emotions, gratitude and every emotion that we are aware of.Their beauty and charm thrills one and all alike.

It is believed that carnations were a gift of god to the human beings. A symbol of selfless love, carnations appeared on this earth the moment Jesus carried the cross. As Jesus suffered, Mother Mary shed tears and wherever her tears fell, pink carnations bloomed up. And as a result of it the carnations became the symbol of never dying love.

The name carnation has many interpretations to it. Some believe that the name might be taken from coronation or corone as well. Greeks have used the flower in their ceremonial crowns. However scientifically it has been proved that carnations is one of the name of the many varieties of Dianthus.
Carnation is also known as Divine flower, Clove pink, Gilly Flower and various other names.

Carnations have an unidentified life history. their evolution is still being pondered upon. However myths are that these lovely flowers are native of Eurasia. Also considered to be one of the most popular garden flower carnations are one of the 300 species of annual, biennial and perennial herbs in the genus Dianthus. There are hundreds of more hybrid varieties. Dianthus in Greek means 'Flower of Zeus' or Divine flower.

The carnation plant grows to a balanced height of about 2 to 3 feet. The grayish green colored foliage covers the palnt from the tip to the bottom. The flowers vary in color and could range from rosy pink to purple (purple carnations) or white color (white carnations).

Dianthus caryophyllus usually have 5 petals and these petals vary from white to pink to purple in color. Border Carnation varieties may have double flowers with as many as 40 petals. When grown in gardens, Carnations grow to between 6 and 8.5 cm in diameter. Petals on Carnations are generally clawed or serrated. Carnations are bisexual flowers and bloom simply or in a branched or forked cluster.

The soothing scent feels the nostrils with fragrant airs. The size of the flowers vary from one variety to another. Carnations are said to be the bloom of cooler seasons.
Growing carnations is not a tough task however they need proper care to survive.
Well drained, neutrally alkaline soils and full sunlight supports the plant to reach flourishing growth and flower to the fullest.


Varieties of Carnations
The three most prominent types of these lovely flowers are:

  • Large flowered Carnations - Single large flower per stem.
  • Spray Carnations (Mini Carnations) - Plenty of smaller flowers .
  • Dwarf flowered Carnations - several small flowers on one stem.

Symbolism and carnations
An emblem of mothers day, carnations have become a symbol of undying love.
The gorgeous flower is also the national flower of Spain.
The different colors denote different emotions.
Red carnations denote admiration and as the colour deepens so does the meaning. Red Carnations are also the official flower of the fraternity Tau Kappa Epsilon and rose carnations are the official flower of the Phi Mu Fraternity.
The Irish writer Oscar Wilde wore green carnations and thus green carnation became synonym to homosexuality.

Purple carnations indicate capriciousness and in France these are given in condolence for the death of a loved one.
All January born people are lucky enough to have carnation as their birth flower.
Yellow Carnations depict disappointment and dejection

Strange but fact
The celebrated flower is also a symbolism of misfortune and bad luck.
The most popular educational institute, Oxford University follows a tradition according to which carnations are supposed to be worn on all examinations. White for the first exam, pink for middle exams and red for the final exam.
Historically, Carnations are known to have been used for the first time by Greeks and Romans in garlands.
The Carnation leaves are narrow and stalkless and their colour varies from green to grey-blue or purple.
Carnations are exotic to Australia but have been grown commercially as a flower crop since 1954.
Of the several kinds of Carnations, the three most common are annual Carnations, border carnations and perpetual-flowering carnations.
Carnations grow big, full blooms on strong, straight stems. Carnation blooms last a long time.
Spray carnations are more popular and precocious in terms of growth than the Large flowered Carnations.


Delight your garden, Care your Carnations
Carnations need a well drained, fertile soil along with essential exposure to sunlight.
Follow the listed steps to help the carnations bloom:

You can propagate the plant through seeds, cuttings, layering or division abut in all cases, plant them 12-18 inches apart.
As the seeds germinate in 2-3 weeks, transfer them in pots.
Some hours in sunlight are necessary.
Make sure the compost is moist but not excessively wet as over-watering tend to turn the foliage yellow
Every 6th week apply liquid fertilizers.
Keep a look on the flowers and remove the spent flowers to help fresh flowers come up.
Quality of the bloom rests on the soil and irrigation aspects for growing carnations.
Learn the importance of pinching, stopping and disbudding.
At the time of plucking the carnations, leave three to four nodes at the base and remove the stem.
The plant foliage should not be exposed to the direct heat of a stove or the sun.

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