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 Essential Oils
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Manuka Oil
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Manuka Oil

Credited as one of the youngest entries in the book of aromatherapy, manuka oil is also a rich source of medicinal benefits. Being a native of the regions of New Zealand, the tree having the botanical name Leptospermum scoparium, belongs to the family of Myrteacea. The magical uses of the tree were known since long among the original inhabitants of New Zealand. It was an important medicinal plant both to the Maori and to the original European settlers.

Having similar properties of its sibling-- Tea Tree Oil, the manuka oil includes antibacterial, antifungal, anti-acne, anti-inflammatory, antihistamine, and antiallergenic properties. It has practical applications on chicken pox, cold sores, insect bites and warts. This oil having medium to slightly oily consistency, has a top to middle note, along with a medium aroma. The Essential Oil of Manuka blends well with essential oils of Clary Sage, Pine, Cananga, Clove, Geranium, Lavandin, Lavender, Marjoram, Nutmeg, Oakmoss, Pine, Rosemary and Ylang-Ylang.

Manuka has been used to treat a range of skin problems, including chronic sores, ring worm and eczema. Others reported that a decoction of Manuka leaves was drunk for urinary complaints and to reduce fever. The leaves were boiled in water and inhaled for head colds, blocked sinuses, hay fever, even bronchitis and asthma. Leaves and bark were boiled together, and the warm liquid was rubbed on stiff backs and rheumatic joints. The leaves and young branches were put into vapor baths. The crushed Manuka leaves were applied as a poultice for many skin diseases and were directly applied to wounds and deep gashes to enhance healing and reduce the risk of infection. Its young shoots were chewed and swallowed for dysentery. The bark, the sap, and the seed capsules of the Manuka tree were also used extensively for treating various ailments.

Oil Extraction
Manuka is a bushy plant with small spiky leaves and pink flowers. This native of Australia and New Zealand is used to extract the essential oil from its leaves and small stems through steam distillation. As per the evidences, the manuka essential oil extracted the East Cape Region of New Zealand has been confirmed as having the highest antimicrobial activity. This variety of up to 20 times more potent than Australian tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia). The main components of this oil are caryophyllene, geraniol, pinene, humulene, linalol and leptospermone. However, the concentration of the components in this oil vary with the height in which tree grows from whose leaves it was extracted.

History of Manuka
Brimming with a woodsy, cedar like smell, the manuka essential oil has long been valued for its

healing properties by the Maori people- the indigenous people of “Aotearoa” (New Zealand). Infusions and poultices were made from the leaves and inner bark and the seed capsules and sap were chewed. Early New Zealand records indicate that the plant's bark, leaves, sap, and seed capsules were used in beverages and medicinal preparations. Captain James Cook used the leaves of the plant as a tea to combat scurvy during long explorations of the southern hemisphere; early European settlers of New Zealand adopted Captain Cook's use of the plant as a tea.

Applicable Benefits
The health benefits of Manuka Essential Oil can be attributed to its properties like anti dandruff, antidote to insect bites and stings, anti bacterial, anti fungal, anti inflammatory, anti histaminic, anti allergenic. cicatrisant, cytophylactic, deodorant and nervous relaxant. The details of these properties include the following:

  • Anti Dandruff: You are tired of using those costly anti dandruff shampoos and oils and still they come back. Dandruffs are caused by lack of moisture and oil in the scalp, degeneration of the scalp skin and infections. Manuka Oil can help you with all the three causes. It will maintain the moisture and oil balance in the scalp, will stop degeneration of the scalp skin and will also fight any kind of infection on the scalp, if it is mixed with the bathing water or massaged in the head added with some other oil. This news can make the companies producing the so called anti dandruff shampoos and buy all the oil from the market. So, grab your bottle before it is too late.
  • Antidote to insect bites and stings: In case of an insect bite or a venomous sting, just apply this oil on the affected spot and you will find that it will reduce pain and swelling in the spot and the situation will not go worse.
  • Anti Bacterial: This oil inhibits bacterial growth in the body, such as those giving rise to bacterial infections in the colon, urinary system, respiratory tracts and other vulnerable areas and also helps check their attacks.
  • Anti Fungal: It is equally effective in eliminating fungal infections just as it is in case of bacterial infections. A very common fungal infection is the running ears. A drop or two there and watch it heal quickly, without getting heavy on your pockets.
  • Anti Inflammatory: The Essential Oil of Manuka is anti inflammatory in nature. It can efficiently handle inflammation of any type; be it of nasal or respiratory tracts resulting from common cold or be it of the digestive system caused by overeating of spicy food or be it of circulatory system caused by any toxin (venom, narcotics, etc.) getting into the blood stream of be it caused by any other reason such as fever, infection, etc. It soothes all inflammations.
  • Anti Histaminic: Histamine aggravates coughs and gives real bad and exhausting coughs and people often try strangest of medicines to control histamine. This oil checks production of histamine and thereby gives relief from these continuous coughs.
  • Anti Allergenic: Allergy is nothing but hyper reaction of the body towards certain foreign elements, such as pollens, dust, pets etc. This Manuka oil calms down or sedates these hyper reactions and gives relief from allergy.
  • Cicatrisant: This oil helps the scars and the after marks on the skin to fade away by promoting new cell growth in he affected parts and protecting the wounds from infections.
  • Cytophylactic: The oil promotes new cell growth and thereby promotes overall growth and healing of wounds. Can be given to patients undergone heavy wounds after any accident or surgery.
  • Deodorant: Manuka Oil drives away body odour and its fragrance gives a refreshing feeling. This is very effective in countering body odour during summers.
  • Nervous Relaxant: Gives a relaxed feeling by fighting depression, anxiety, anger, stress and nervous afflictions and disturbances. This is also good for hypertensive people whose blood pressure shoots up at slightest anxiety or tension.
  • Other Benefits: This oil has varied effects on the skin. It can be used to cure itches, rashes, skin diseases, sores, chaffing and other problems related with skin as well as to cure pain in muscles and joints.
Few Words of Caution: It is non toxic, non irritant and non sensitizing. However, avoid use during pregnancy because of the spasmolytic activity of this oil.
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