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 Essential Oils
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Celery Oil

Known by several names viz. as Shalari, Ajmud in Hindi; Bandhuri, Chanu in Bengali; Bodiajmoda in Gujarati; Ajmoda in Marathi; Kernauli in Punjabi; celery plant is extremely popular in the Indian sub-continent. Having the appearance of a pale yellow, or orange liquid with a spicy-warm, sweet, and long lasting odour, the celery oil is obtained from seeds or seed chaff by the crushing process and steam distillation. Its pervasive, spicy, warm, and very persistent aroma is produced primarily by two lactones, 3-n-butylphthalide and 3-n-butyl-4,5-dihydrophthalide. This oil is a perfect blend of several volatile oils, flavonoids, coumarins, and linoleic acid. India being the major producer of celery oil, the other producers are USA, Southern France, Holland, Hungary and China.

Touted as the major herbal and dietary supplement that promotes and regulates numerous health benefits, celery oil is a rage in the medicinal-herbal market. Being immensely effective in moderating high blood pressure, the oil provides relief from altitude sickness, glue ear, stomach cancer, and much more. Known to be a warming, refreshing, and reviving essential oil; the celery oil blends particularly well with lavender, pine, opopanax, lovage, tea tree, oakmoss, coriander and other spicy essential oils.
 

Oil Extraction
The native plantation of celery has widespread from the regions of Egypt, Algeria, and Ethiopia, to the Asian provinces of India, Caucasus, and Beluchistan. Being in great demand both in India and abroad, it is a moisture loving plant that requires cool climate. It is the celery fruit or seed that is much valued for celery oil production. The oil is extracted by steam distillation from the whole or crushed seeds. This oil is applied both as a fixative and as an ingredient of novel perfume. The principal constituents of celery oil are d-limonene (60 %), d-selinene (10 %), sedanonic acid anhydride (0.5 %), and sedanolide (2.5 to 3 %).

History of Celery
Being a member of the parsley family, the botanical name of celery is Apium graveolens and A. rapaceum. As per the historical records, its cultivation as a food crop is at least 3,000 years old in the Mediterranean region. Subsequently, it was cultivated in Egypt

of the pharaohs. The Chinese got familiar with the plant by the 5th century B.C.

There have been several records in which the whole celery herb and seeds were used as major herbal medications by people. Another historical reputation to this plant's credit is its first use as a culinary ingredient in form of flavouring, and the earliest printed record of a food use is from France, dating to 1623. These seeds have been used as a folk medicine, being traditionally used in the treatment of problems like flatulence and indigestion.

 

Applicable Benefits
The major components of celery oil are limonene (60 %), apiol, selinene, santalol, sedanolide and sedanolic acid anhydride, among others. It also contains amino acids, boron, calcium, chlorine, essential fatty acids, folate, inositol, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorous, potassium, selenium, sulfur , zinc, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin C, vitamin E and vitamin K. Owing to these, the oil is having the therapeutic properties of being an antioxidant, antirheumotic, antiseptic (urinary), antispasmodic, aperitif, depurative, digestive, diuretic, carminative, cholagogue, emmenagogue, galactagogue, hepatic, nervine, sedative, (to nervous system), stimulant (uterine), stomachic, and tonic (digestive). The commercial use of celery seed oil is as a fixative, as an important ingredient in perfumes, in medicine and in flavoring of different types of foods, such as meats, sausages, canned soups, sauces, celery tonics and medicinal preparations. Its other health related benefits can be viewed as the following:

  • Reduced blood pressure: Celery contains a chemical that can lower levels of stress hormones in your blood. This allows blood vessels to expand, giving your blood more room, thereby reducing pressure.
  • Reduced cholesterol: Eating celery daily may reduce artery-clogging cholesterol.
  • Good antiseptic: Celery oil help in uric acid elimination. So, celery is good for people with bladder disorders, kidney problems, cystitis etc. Celery seeds also assist in avoiding urinary tract infection in women.
  • Healthy joints: Celery oil is good for people suffering from arthritis, rheumatism and gout.  Its anti-inflammatory properties help reduce swelling and pain around the joints. Celery sticks contain a diuretic substance, which help to remove uric acid crystals that build around joints.
  • Prevents cancer: Celery oil contains phthalides and polyacetylenes. These anti cancer components detoxify carcinogens. Celery also contains coumarins that enhance the activity of certain white blood cells.
  • Improved immune system: Celery oil is rich in vitamin C; therefore it boosts the immune system.
  • Relief from cold: Because of the presence of vitamin C, taking celery gives you relief from cold.
  • Reduces severity of asthma: Vitamin C prevents free radical damage and thus reduces the severity of inflammatory conditions like asthma.
  • Cardiovascular health: Presence of vitamin C in the roots of celery promotes cardiovascular health.
  • Diuretic activity: Celery oil is rich in both sodium and potassium. These minerals help in regulating fluid balance.
  • Relief from migraine: Presence of coumarins in celery oil gives relief from migraines.
  • Treats rheumatism: Celery extracts, which contain85% 3nB, are effective for treating arthritis and muscular pains.
  • Good for diabetic patients: Celery leaves are also eaten for treating diabetic conditions.
  • Relief from ophthalmologic disease: Dripping celery tea drops on eyelids is good for ophthalmologic affectations.
  • Other benefits: Because of the high calcium content, celery calms the nerves. So, eating celery helps people to be calm. Celery acts as an antioxidant too. All parts of celery including seed, root and leaves, can be used. It also helps to avoid diseases of kidney, pancreas, liver and gallbladder; neuritis, constipation, asthma, high blood pressure, catarrh, pyorrhea and dropsy, brain over work, acidosis, anemia, obesity and tuberculosis. Further, it helps in the improvement of teeth.

 

Precautions: Having the constituents of volatile oils, flavonoids, coumarins, and linoleic acid; the celery oil is not advised for pregnant women, as it may cause contractions in the uterus. A small minority of people can even have severe allergic reactions to it. For people with celery allergy, exposure can cause potentially fatal anaphylactic shock.

 
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