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Black Eyed Pea(Lobia)

Eating Black eyed pea brings good luck along with good health to your doorsteps. Long been associated with good luck, Black Eye Pea has been a staple food in the Southern regions of India. A delicious dish of peas on the New year's eve is an essential tradition targeted to bring prosperity and happiness in the new year.

What is Black Eyed Pea
Black eyed pea is also referred to as black eyed beans or lobiya and many other names in the regional languages. It is considered to be a subspecies of the cow pea and is prominently grown for its medium sized edible bean. Scientifically known as V. u. unguiculata, this pea is a pale colored pea with a black scar which can be seen prominently. Now it might be because of the black scar appearing on it that it is called as black eyed pea.

 

Historical significance
The Black eyed pea or black eyed bean has almost touched all corners of the world. It started its journey from Africa, then it was introduced to America by West Indies. it is in southern United States that it became highly popular and realizing the huge potential in this crop it was promoted by one and all. George Washington was a great promoter of this crop as he had discovered that that this crop not only nourishes the living beings but also adds to the fertility of the soil it grows in. Moreover being highly nutritional simply adds another feather in its cap.

This pea is an heat loving crop and can resist drought conditions as well. It thrives superbly in

sandy soils which are well drained. The plant can hardly stand water logging and it is advisable not to irrigate it m,ore often.

Black eyed pea is a pest resistant crop and is well immunized to many diseases. As a rotational crop it performs extremely well and being a well performing legume it does not even need fertilizers.

 

Interesting facts About Black Eyed Pea/Lobia
The Black eyed pea flowers are extremely sweet and heavy nectar producers and that is the reason why the blossoms attract a wide variety of pollinators. however insecticides might prevent the plant from being exploited by the birds and insects.

  • Barbati is the name given to Black eye pea in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra in India.
  • It is also known as Barbati in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra in India.
 

Good will Peas
These peas are an integral part of the traditional dish called "Hoppin' John" along with rice and seasonings. The traditional meal also features collard or mustard greens or cabbage. These traditions have been cherished sine time immemorial.

This goodwill tradition also bears its strong links with The U.S civil war.

Black eyed peas are a traditional food on the new year's day in the Southern regions of America and it is believed that this brings prosperity and happiness in the house.


Texas Caviar is a traditional New Year's Day dish made from black eyed peas marinated in Italian salad dressing and chopped garlic and served cold.

In Portugal black-eyed pea is used to serve boiled cod and potatoes and also with tuna and in salads.

In Vietnam, black-eyed peas are used in a sweet dessert made of black-eyed peas and sticky rice with coconut milk.

In Cyprus, they are eaten with sliced vegetables, oil, salt and lemon.

 

Mouthwatering Recipes

Black Eyed Pea Loaf
A black-eyed pea loaf, made with cooked peas, curry powder, oats, cornmeal, and seasonings.

In a large pan, heat the oil over medium-low heat and add the onion and chopped bell pepper; blend it until the onion is tender and golden, for about 5 minutes. Add the curry powder and cook, keep stirring in the meanwhile for about 2 more minutes. Add the black-eyed peas, rolled oats, cornmeal, and broth and stir well. Now turn the black-eyed pea mixture into the prepared loaf pan. And bake for 45 minutes, or until the oats and cornmeal are cooked and have absorbed all the liquid. Stir in salt and pepper to taste and press the mixture firmly in the pan. Let the loaf cool so chill thoroughly in refrigerator. Turn loaf out of pan. Cut into slices. and you can eat cold or fry in butter.


Black Eyed Pea Salad
Combine beans, peas, and ham in a saucepan and cover with water and simmer for 30 minutes. Drain and transfer to a large bowl; add the Italian dressing while still warm. Cool to lukewarm. Add green onion, bell pepper, corn, cilantro, curry powder and crushed red pepper. Taste and season with salt and pepper, as needed. Toss to blend ingredients thoroughly. Cover and chill for 12 to 24 hours. Serve as a side dish or lunch salad. Serve on greens with tomato wedges.

Black Eyed Pea Spinach
Wash Black eye peas and Soak in 3 cups of water for 4 hours. Heat a non-sticking pan and pour oil. Add cumin seeds and hing. After 1/2 a minute, add all the ingredients except Black eyed peas, spinach and coriander leaves. Add 2-3 tsp water. Let it cook for 5-7 minutes, stir 2-3 times. Keep aside. Put on heat a deep frying pan. Pour Black eyed pea with water and add spinach. Let it boil till theBlack eye peas become tender, for about 12-15 minutes. Pour the masala prepared into the pan . Stir well. Garnish with coriander leaves. Serve hot with chappati, roti, tortilla, bread, plain rice, etc