An Introduction to Cultivators
In layman's language, cultivator is a large farm machine used for cultivation. This farm implement is used for stirring and pulverizing the soil for planting, or for weed control or moisture conservation. It is also used in mixing compost and fertilizer into the soil.
This farm implement or machine is designed to destroy weeds with shallow roots and to break up surface soil near plants for aeration. Cultivator also eliminates habitat for mice, other rodents, insects, etc., thus enabling the farmer to obtain maximum yield. It includes a traditional hand-tool, a hand-action tool and a small engine-powered machine.
It is also used in maintaining gardens, though the smaller variant is used for this purpose. This motor powered machine is used to mix soils with manures and fertilizers in preparation for planting. It is controlled by an operator walking behind and also used in ploughing the soil.
In agriculture farms, tractor powered cultivators are used for soil's stirring and pulverizing. They vary greatly in their size and shape, ranging from 10 feet (3 m) to the huge 80 feet (24 m). The large cultivators are equipped with hydraulic wings that fold up to makes road travel easier and safer.
The drill also incorporates the unique air drill metering technology, proven over several decades in different agricultural countries.
Following is the brief description of various cultivators used for soil preparation and weed control between row crops:
Field Cultivator: This farm implement has a metal teeth to break up the soil. This tractor powered agricultural equipment is used to complete tillage operations in many types of arable crop fields. It mingles the soil while overthrowing weeds, destroying them but leaving them in the soil to limit soil erosion. The main task of the field cultivator is to prepare a proper seedbed for the crop to be planted into. It ensures that the growing crop has enough water and nutrients to grow well during the growing season. In many field cultivators one to many hydraulic cylinders raise and lower the implement and control its depth.
Row Crop Cultivator: This type of agricultural machinery is used for weed control between the rows of an established crop. It is usually raised and lowered by a three-point hitch and the depth is controlled by gauge wheels.
Hand-action Cultivator: This is a type of push-pull cultivator, having rotating tines attached to a handle. It can maintain gardens that have already been cultivated and weed within rows.
Hand Cultivator: Made from metal or synthetic material, a hand cultivator is used with a chop and pull motion which allows its three curved prongs to catch and remove weeds or to break up dirt clods.