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Crop Processing Machinery

A Prelude
In layman's language, processing refers to the the act of converting any material from one form to another. In agriculture, crop processing machinery is used to transform grains and other produce from their raw farm to the refined and edible form. Crop processing also aims to prepare crops for convenient transportation, storage, and also for market and feeding to livestock. Based on latest technologies, these machines not only reduce the time of operation but also saves the labour cost. The usage of mechanical devices in crop processing also reduces the quantity of the wastage to a greater degree.


An Introduction to Crop Processing Machinery
The advancement of science and technology reduces complexities from many agricultural processes. Modern technologies in areas of irrigation, plantation, harvesting, cutting, processing, etc. make the entire agricultural cycle economical and easier than ever. These machines are commercially available in variety of sizes, plates and frame types to suit the diverse requirements. Advances in such machines have been rapid, particularly with new crops, increased yields, multiple-crop practices, and changing techniques.

Crop drying is the important process. For obtaining the best output, crops must be properly dried.


Modern forced-air-drying systems allow the farmer much more freedom in choosing grain varieties and harvest time. Thus, providing the freedom from weather.

While drying, wet maize or corn placed in a batch or continuous dryer. After losing 10 to 12 percent of its moisture, the hot corn is transferred to the dryeration cooling bin, in which it is tempered for 6-10 hours and then slowly cooled by ventilation for 10 hours. This process reduces kernel damage and increases dryer output.

Feed processing plants or feed grinders are widely used for milling cereals for livestock feed. Designed after thorough consideration of market conditions, modern feed processing mills provide lot

of options before the farmers. Now a farmer can grind the grains, besides adding other ingredients as well. Other processing machines include machines that separate desirable seed from weed seed, stems and leaves and dirt; grading machinery to classify seeds by width, length, or thickness; fruit graders and separators; and cotton gins, which separate cotton seeds from the fibres.

Common Crop Processing Machinery
Following is the brief detail of the most widely used processing machines:

  • Coffee Processing Machinery
  • Oilseed Processing Machinery
  • Rice Processing Machinery
  • Rootcrop Processing Machinery
  • Vegetable Processing Machinery, to name a few.
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